Learn About Water Wells And The Importance Of Maintenance For A Fully Functioning Well

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You may not own a water well, but trends point to the fact that most of the water you use does indeed come from wells that are all over the country. Learn about the science of where your system of well water really comes from. Once that question is answered, you'll better understand what essentially you can do to maintain your well. You must learn how the well works, and that knowledge leads you into knowing how to maintain a fully functioning water well.

The Aquifer

A saturated and porous geological formation forms an Aquifer. The aquifer is the entry point that serves as an access port, which funnels water into your home and elsewhere on your property. The process of precipitation and surface water flows and percolate while traveling through soil. After a while, the percolated water is absorbed by all pores in the ground. With the pores now filled, gravity prevents the percolated water from being pulled any deeper. This area now becomes the water table, which is the water source for your well.

Is There Bacteria Control?

You may well be rolling your eye and thinking that everything so far sounds like a cool scientific basin. You basically want to know though just how is your water going to be kept free of contaminants that may get mixed into the water flowing through the ground. There is actually a casing tube that's placed inside the bore of your well.

The casing tube ensures that the bore will not collapse. More importantly, an annular seal lies between the casing tube and the borehole, and its job is to keep surface water and possible contaminants from entering the well. All of these parts are naught if you do not use a pump, which is the sum and substance of the well. You'll have to choose from a jet pump or a submersible pump. Either one of those pumps is pretty awesome.


Submersible pumps are located at the bottom of your well. They operate with the use of impellers that send water flowing out of the well. Jet pumps on the other hand sit on top of wells. They operate using suction that pulls water from the well. Since jet pumps need water to work, they are prepared before the pumping operation begins. When you have all of the installations taken care of, it's time to learn how to maintain your well.

Maintaining Your Well

It's important to make sure that levels of the well are adequate. Do not overlook pump motor performance checks, and remember to test the well's pressure switch. Water quality test is a must to rule out bacteria. You might want to set up quarterly check-ups with your licensed professional, but make sure that a full service maintenance check is scheduled annually. 

For more information, contact companies like Mike's Drilling.

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